EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

GENDER AS A DETERMINANT OF COMMON RESPIRATORY AILMENTS AMONG SCHOOL GOING CHILDREN IN PUDUCHERRY

*Anitha A. and Dr. V. Raji Sugumar

ABSTRACT

Introduction: In the last few decades, „gender‟ differences in respiratory health are less explored. Differences do exist physiological or anatomical variations in body size, lung size and airway diameter. Objective: To determine the respiratory discomforts among school children in Puducherry with gender as a variable. Methodology: A cross sectional study was carried out among 871 school going children aged 10-14 years in Puducherry. The data was collected by using structured pre-validated questionnaire to elicit details on socio-economic conditions, health attributes, physical activity and dietary pattern. Stadiometer, weighing scale and flexible tape were used for anthropometric measurements like height, weight and chest circumference. PEFR was measured using Mini-Wright Peak Flow Meter and Pulse Oxymeter was used to measure Oxygen Saturation and Pulse rate. Logistic regression analysis was used to find the risk factors of the same. Results: A total of 871 children surveyed of which, 469 were boys and 402 were girls. The respiratory discomforts included wheezing, allergic rhinitis, sinusitis, ear infection, runny or blocked nose and dry cough which were found to be higher in girls 211(53.4%) when compared with boys 184 (46.6%).Similarly, the mean parameters like height (137.6±8.4 > 137.2±8.0 OR=2.1) weight(39.0±7.9 > 30.37±6.3 OR=1.02), chest circumference (24.2±6.9 > 26.7±8.1 OR=1.3), Oxygen Saturation (98.7±19.3> 96.4±13.4 OR=2.07), Pulse Rate (94.5±20.2 > 90.3±19.3 OR=1.9) and Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (329.4±64.2 > 319.7±61.9 OR=2.3) were also higher in boys than in girls.Odds Ratio revealed that girls with lower body composition parameters and pulmonary functions were prone for higher risk of respiratory discomforts. Therefore, gender difference is a key factor to determine respiratory health.

Keywords: Gender, Respiratory discomforts, School going children.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )