ANALYSIS OF PREVALENCE, RISK FACTORS AND TREATMENT OF ANAEMIC PATIENTS
Sreedevi R. S.*, Soorya Surendran and Tongbram Nicholas
Background: Anaemia is a group of diseases characterized by a decrease in either the hemoglobin (Hb) or the volume of red blood cells (RBCs), which results in decreased oxygen-carrying capacity of the blood. Objectives: To analyze the prevalence rate and the drug prescribing pattern of Anaemia. Study Design: An analysis of prevalence and drug prescribing pattern in anaemic patients was a prospective observational study conducted in General Medicine Department, MIMS Teaching Hospital and Research Centre, Mandya, Karnataka, by using a well-designed patient data collection form. Result: Out of 100 anaemic patients studied, 46.0% were males, 54.0% were females. The majority of anaemia cases were microcytic, suggesting that iron deficiency was the major cause of anaemia. 76% patients are found to be anaemic with co-morbidities while 24% patients are found with anaemia alone. Out of 100 patients 23% patients are untreated. Among treated 77% patients, 50.65% patients receives monotherapy and 49.35% patients receieves combination therapy. Majority of the patients were treated with Folic acid, Ferrous Sulphate + B.Complex and blood transfusion. Discussion: Study shows that Prevalence of anaemia was more in females compared to males. Patients prescribed with monotherapy are more than that of combination therapy.
Keywords: Anaemia, prevalence, monotherapy, combination therapy.
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