EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

HIV/AIDS KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PRACTICE [KAP] IN ANINRI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ENUGU STATE

*Nwobodo H. A.

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study was to evaluate HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitude and practice among the natives of Aninri Local Government Area of Enugu State in order to make recommendation to stakeholders on context specific intervention appropriate for HIV/AIDS prevention and control in the area. A total of 554 participants randomly selected from 11 communities in Aninri took part in the study. Face-to-face pretested structured questionnaires were used for data collection. Ethical clearance was obtained from Enugu State Ministry of Health (ESSMOH) ethical committee before the study was conducted. Data were collected (1st – 13 May, 2014) and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 software package. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS was 61.0 percent, HIV testing rate was 45.7 percent, with 67.1 percent reporting willingness to test for HIV. Condom use was 49.1 percent. Widow inheritance was viewed as a safe practice by 44.0 percent and culturally acceptable (40.1 percent). Radio (44.2 percent) and NGO (30.5 percent) were the major sources of HIV/AIDS information in the area and the most preferred. Government (36.5 percent) and family (30.7 percent) are the major care providers for AIDS patients. There are no legal rights that protect orphans & widows (46.8 percent) though these rights are existence. Stigmatization and discrimination of people living with HIV/AIDS was reported by 72.4 percent and 70.9 percent participants respectively. Females (462) in reproductive age were dominant in the study because they are among the most at risk group, vibrant and sexually active for the purpose of procreation. Condom use for prevention of STIs/STDs and unplanned pregnancies was poor. Interestingly, the majority (61.0 percent) of participants know the various ways of transmitting HIV. This notwithstanding, significant number of individuals had inappropriate knowledge of how HIV is transmitted stating sexual intercourse with an infected person as the only mode of transmission and recommending outright killing of infected person as a way of preventing spread of the infection. Female Genital Mutilation (FGM), cutting of tonsil in tonsillitis, male circumcision, removal of tumors and other traditional practices like “Ichi mbu” and home delivery performed by traditionalists and the locals were not considered as potential sources of HIV infection, even though they involve exchange of sharps. This study suggests that inappropriate knowledge, negative attitude and unsafe practices towards HIV/AIDS remain a serious challenge to HIV/AIDS prevention and control in Aninri. For effective prevention and control of HIV/AIDS, massive awareness campaign should be instituted using various approaches including: one-one, group and mass education in order to correct and improve knowledge and change attitude and practice.

Keywords: HIV/AIDS, Knowledge, Attitude, Practice.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )