EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

A PROSPECTIVE STUDY ON PRESCRIBING PRACTICES IN EMERGENCY DEPARTMENT OF A TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL

Binu K.M.*, Lovely Panavila, Vemu Vidya Sagar, Shashikumar Patil and H. Doddayya

ABSTRACT

Background: Clinicians often face challenges in selecting, initiating and individualizing appropriate drug therapy for patients admitted in the emergency medicine ward. Objective: To assess the prescribing patterns of drugs and to determine the rationality of prescriptions by using World Health Organization prescribing indicators. Materials and Methods: A prospective cross sectional study was carried out in emergency department for six months. About 520 case sheets were reviewed. Data were collected using structural data entry form and analyzed. Descriptive statistics were used to describe the data. Results: The data was collected prospectively and analyzed using WHO prescribing indicators. The average number of drugs prescribed was 6.40 per prescription. The drugs prescribed by generic name accounts for 20.9% and those prescribed from EDL include 83.88%. At least one antibiotic was prescribed for patients which is high (57.31%). Most of drugs were administered through injection for about 49.24%. Patients were mainly admitted for nausea and vomiting (16.92%). Anti-emetics were the mostly prescribed therapeutic class of drugs for patients (24.75%). Hemoglobin (98.65%) was the most common investigation performed in the study population. The commonly used fixed drug combination was piperacillin and tazobactum (3.75%). Conclusion: Analysis of case records for drug utilization pattern revealed that most of the drug classes were prescribed for appropriate indication. Prescription of multivitamins appears largely irrational. The results indicate a considerable scope for improving the prescribing pattern of drugs in the emergency department.

Keywords: DUE, Casuality, Emergency Department, Prescribing patterns, WHO.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia