EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

INFECTIVE ENDOCARDITIS IN DOGS: A REVIEW

Omobowale T.O.*, Otuh P.I., Ogunro B.N., Adejumobi O.A. and Ogunleye A.O.

ABSTRACT

Endocarditis has been defined as exudative and proliferative inflammatory alterations of the endocardium, characterized by the presence of vegetations on the surface of the endocardium or in the endocardium itself, and most commonly involving the heart valves, but also affecting the inner lining of the cardiac chambers or the endocardium elsewhere (Blood et al., 2007). Bacterial endocarditis is an infection of the valvular and or mural endocardium and it may have both cardiac and extra-cardiac sequelae (Brown, 2004). The term, Bacterial Endocarditis (BE) has been replaced with Infectious Endocarditis (IE) since non bacterial isolates have been incriminated in its pathogenesis. BE refers to endocarditis that is caused by infection with various bacteria. Endocarditis (both the term and the disease) is pathophysiologically and epidemiologically unrelated to the most common form of chronic valvular heart disease in dogs known as endocardiosis (Bruce, 2002). Endocardiosis of which there is no specific etiology is characterized by chronic fibrosis and nodular thickening of the free edges of the atrioventricular valves (Blood et al., 2007). IE is an infection of the valvular or mural endocardium with microbe, which may have both cardiac and extracardiac sequelae. (Valerie, 2004) It is a disease that commonly occurs in dogs. The mitral and aortic valves are the worst affected. Common causative microbial agents include Staphylococcus spp, Streptococcus spp, Escherichia coli, and Bartonella spp. Congestive heart failure, immune-mediated disease, and thromboembolism are the major complications of IE. Diagnosis of IE by echocardiography and long-term treatment with broad-spectrum antibiotics may contribute to the timely detection and treatment of the disease.

Keywords: .


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )