EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EVALUATION OF APHRODISIAC POTENTIAL OF METHANOL EXTRACT OF GARCINIA KOLA SEED IN MALE RODENTS

Essien Grace Emmanuel, Effiong Grace Sylvester* and Nwafor Paul Alozie

ABSTRACT

Dysfunctional erectile is a common sexual disorder among the male folk. Garcinia kola seed is being utilized by the folklore for treating erectile dysfunction disorder. Investigation was carried out to ascertain the acute toxicity of Garcinia kola seed and the behavior of male Albino Wistar rats sexually, using the methanol extract. Result shows the median lethal dose (LD50) to be 1000±0.66 mg/kg. Extract administration (100 mg/kg–300 mg/kg) altered significantly the various sexual behaviours in the experiment. There were significant decreases (p< 0.01-p<0.001) in mount (100mg/kg=21.55±0.04 (s), 200 mg/kg=10.02±0.68 (s) & 300 mg/kg = 4.02±0.17 (s) and intromission latencies (100 mg/kg=22.44±0.50 (s), 200 mg/kg=17.36±0. 28 (s) & 300 mg/kg=9.51±0.36 (s) respectively in comparison with controls (mount latency; 25.45±0.25 (s), intromission latency = 45.16±0.17(s), with corresponding increases in mount (100 mg/kg=32.50±0.22(MF), 200 mg/kg=36.00±1.39(MF), 30 0mg/kg = 39.33±0.46 (MF); and intromission (100 mg/kg=30.00±0.60(EF), 200 mg/kg=34.16±0.32(EF), 300 mg/kg=34.16±0.28(EF) frequencies respectively compared with the controls (mount frequency = 23.80±1.45(MF) & intromission frequency = 20.00±1.05(EF). The 300 mg/kg extract portrays a similar significant decreasing effect on mount and intromission latency with the standard drug (mount latency=3.90±0.55(s); intromission latency=3.60±0.55(s). Similarly, the effect of the higher doses on mount and intromission frequencies were significantly increased almost as that of the standard drug (mount frequency=39.50±1 .03(MF) and intromission frequency=35.87±1.02 (EF). Contrary, there was increase in ejaculation latency (100 mg/kg=2.00±0.06(s), 200 mg/kg1.88±0.11(s)=, 300 mg/kg=1 .55±0.39(s) and decrease in ejaculation frequency (100 mg/kg=27.01±1.28(EF), 200 mg/kg=31.00±0.67(EF), 300 mg/kg=32.00±0.82(EF) respectively compared with the controls(ejaculation latency=1.21±0.04(s), ejaculation frequency=35.00±1.04(EF). These also were similar with the effect produced by the standard drug (ejaculation latency=1.21±0.04(s), ejaculation frequency=35.00±1.04 (EF). The combination of 200 mg/kg G. kola extract with testosterone (standard drug) produced more efficacies (2.81±0.31, 3.40±0.39, 1.18±0.30, 7.84±0.18, 41.72±0.45, 38.22±0.78 and 35.00±0.24 for their Mount Latency ml(s), Intromission Latency ll(s), Ejaculation Latency EL (s), Penile Erection (PE), Mount Frequency (MF), Intromission Frequency (EF) and Ejaculation Frequency (EF) respectively compared with administration of the standard drug alone. Conclusively, these findings agree with the folkloric reports that G. kola seeds are used as aphrodisiacs in men and may be a rationale for an erectile dysfunction drug origin.

Keywords: Erectile Dysfunction, Garcinia Kola Seeds, Acute Toxicity, Sexual Behavior, Aphrodisiac.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • EJPMR: JANUARY ISSUE PUBLISHED

    JANUARY issue has been successfully launched on 1 JANUARY 2023.

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 January 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on https://www.ejpmr.com/issue

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database