( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Elkhateeb Kh. O., Abd-Elhamid N. M., and El-Sheshtawy W. H.*


Background: Sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) is the standard conservative surgical procedure for axillary management in early breast cancer patients with clinically negative axilla. Achievement of complete response at the axilla after neo-adjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) evolving the use of SLNB in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Objectives: Evaluation of the sensitivity, false negative rate and negative predictive value of SLNB in patients with LABC that have clinically negative axilla either before or after NAC. Methods: A prospective study carried out on LABC patients (T3-4, N0-1, and M0) whom received NAC. All cases underwent SLNB using blue dye, followed by axillary lymph node dissection (ALND) along with surgical management of primary tumor. Results: The study included 67 patients, 48 of them turned to clinically negative axilla after NAC (Group A) and 19 had negative axilla before the NAC (Group B), Identification of sentinel lymph node (SLN) was achieved in 46 patients {33 in group A and 13 in group B (p=0.32)}, SLN metastasis has been detected in nine cases, {eight in group A and one in group B (p= 0.03)}, while lymph node metastasis after ALND has been observed in 12 patients {eleven in group A and one in Group B (p= 0.04)}. The sensitivity of SLNB was 80%, 78.6% and 100% for all patients, group A and group B respectively, while the false negative rate was 20%, 21.4% and 0% respectively (p= 0.00). Conclusion: SLNB is a valid treatment option for patients with LABC who have clinically negative axilla at presentation (before NAC), while patients who turned to be clinically negative axilla after NAC; the ALND is still the best treatment option.

Keywords: Sentinel lymph node, Locally advanced breast cancer, Neo-adjuvant chemotherapy.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )