A PROSPECTIVE OBSERVATIONAL STUDY ON PREVALENCE AND PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF DRUGS IN UROLOGICAL CONDITIONS IN TELANGANA REGION
P. Kishore*, Madetipati Nethaji, Beri Sandeep and Kasireddy Vijay Kumar
Aim and objectives: To Assess the risk factors causing urologic conditions, study the prevalence, prescribing patterns and economic burden of various urologic conditions in a urology clinic. Methodology: It is a hospital based prospective observational study conducted in the outpatient department in a Urology clinic in Warangal. This Study was conducted for a Month from 1st May To 31st May. Results: A sample size of total 1094 cases of the outpatient department was taken. Of the total Patient population, the prevalence of various urological conditions was found to be, Hydronephrosis-32.3%, Urolithiasis is 29.08%, Lower backache-23.8%, Benign prostate hyperplasia-0.9%. The prevalence of urological conditions was mostly affected in the age group of 26-40 years (32.08%). Antispasmodics (19.79%), Antibiotics (18.28%), Natural diuretic-herbal medicine (11.24%), Analgesics (10.43%) and Muscle relaxants (12.57%) were the most prescribed drugs. We found that Average cost of each prescription of hydronephrosis was Rs.1140/-, Urolithiasis-Rs. 1038/-, Benign prostate hyperplasia- Rs 310/- and Lower backache-Rs.460/-. Conclusions: Males were predominantly affected by Urologic conditions compared to females. There was an increase in the prevalence of Urolithiasis and Hydronephrosis in our study compared to the other studies. Patient education programs and counseling helps the patient take necessary precautions to prevent urologic conditions. The Presence of clinical pharmacist in the hospital outpatient (OP) department may reduce recurrence rate and economic burden on patients.
Keywords: Hydronephrosis, Urolithiasis, Prevalence, Prescribing pattern.
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