CORRELATION OF SERUM CHOLESTEROL, ELECTROLYTES, AND BODY MASS INDEX WITH CARDIOVASCULAR STATUS OF SELECTED ADULTS IN BAYELSA STATE NIGERIA.
*Solomon M. Uvoh, Asara A. Azibalua, Bruno Chinko, and Bonnie K. Goodhope
This study investigated the correlation of serum cholesterol, electrolytes, age and body mass index, with cardiovascular status of selected adults in Bayelsa State. The study subjects comprises, 94 males and 86 females between the ages of 20 to 70years selected randomly. The parameters measured where blood pressures, pulse rate, body mass index, serum cholesterol, serum electrolytes and mean arterial blood pressure. The auscultatory, palpatory, venipuncture, weight and height, and flame photometry methods were employed in this study. The analysis from the results indicate mean ± standard deviation of blood pressure(mmHg) ,pulse rate (bpm),body mass index (kg/m2),cholesterol (mmol/L), electrolytes (mEq/L), and mean arterial pressure(mmHg) to be 141.84±17.49, 87.29±11.64, 81.00±9.41, 28.02±4.65 5.31±1.56, 140.88±4.88, 3.37±0.46 and 105.47±12.88 respectively for male subjects and 133.90±17.16mmHg, 83.10±10.77bpm,27.01±4.56kg/m2,4.94±1.55mmol/L, 141.79±5.19mqE/L, 3.37±0.52mEq/L and 99.75±12.50mmHg for SBP, DBP, HR, BMI, CHOL., Na+, K, and MAP for the female subjects respectively. The systolic and diastolic blood pressure were significantly higher in males than their female counterpart. There was a positive correlation between the body mass index, serum cholesterol, and pulse rate of the male and female subjects with their blood pressures. The mean arterial pressure was significantly higher in males than the females (p<0.00).The systolic, diastolic and mean arterial blood pressure of the male and female subjects was significantly correlated with their age. The mean electrolytes (Na+) of the female subjects correlated with age significantly in Bayelsa State. Findings from this study reveals an increase in the blood pressures of both middle and older aged adults of the male and female subjects in Bayelsa State which may be due to lack of exercise, consumption of cholesterol rich foods etc. We recommend that more research be done with calcium inclusive and their Physiological status on other vital organs such as the heart and the liver.
Keywords: Electrolyte, blood pressure, correlation, mean arterial pressure and pulse rate.
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