THE PREVALENCE AND CLASSIFICATION AND TREATMENT OF FRACTURE MANDIBLE
Abdul Khudhur Aakab Alwan*
In the United States, trauma constitutes the third major cause of death of all age groups. Facial fracture treatment ranges from the simple to the very complex. The Aim of Treatment of mandibular fracture is to restore the function and aesthetics. This prospective study is include 250 cases from May 2013-April 2017 present to the department of maxillofacial surgery. The most common age between 18years-30years (65%). In this study 240 Male (96%) and 10 Female (4%). The most common cause of fracture mandible in this study is road traffic accident (70%) The most common fracture site is angle fracture followed by subcondylar fracture. In this study 240 cases treated by close reduction and intermaxillary fixation (96%) under local or general anesthesia, while 10 cases(4%) treated by open reduction and fixation Regarding the anatomical reduction there is no significant difference in occlusion between the close and open reduction except for 2 cases with symphyseal fracture close reduction result in malocclusion.
Keywords: prevalence, classification, mandible.
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