â€œCOMPARATIVE STUDY OF PATIENT EXAMINATION (ROGI PARIKSHA) METHODS IN AYURVEDA AND MODERN SCIENCE.â€
Dr. Sumit Srivastava*, Dr. Jinesh Kumar Jain and Dr. Om Prakash Dwivedi
The fundamentals of this ancient science are simple and easily applicable to all eras. In fact, a majority of modern medical science principles are based on the fundamentals of Ayurveda. The primary goal of clinical examination in Ayurveda is to locate the unbalanced doshas that caused the disease. The methods employed by the physician (observation, touch and interrogation) are all aimed at identifying the dosha disturbance. In Ayurveda, the diagnosis and treatment of diseases are based on the information derived from two areas i.e. Roga Pariksha and Rogi Pariksha. The Rogi Pareeksha or the examination of the patient is done in Ayurveda by using one or more of the below mentioned methodologies: Dvividha Pariksha (two fold examination), Trividha Pareeksha (three fold examination), Shadvidha Pareeksha (six fold examination), Ashtasthana Pareeksha (eight fold examination), Dashavidha Pareeksha (ten fold examination). The process of diagnosis in Modern science is one of deduction and follows an orderly sequence of steps: Patientâ€™s medical history, Physical examination (inspection, palpation, percussion and auscultation), Additional Diagnostic procedures (Pathological and Imaging techniques). Fundamental principles of patient examination of Both the extreme i.e. Ayurveda and modern science are more or less similar but with advancements of techniques and instrumentation modern system is more dependent on instrumental observation compared to Ayurveda.
Keywords: Rogi Pariksha, Trividha Pareeksha, Shadvidha Pareeksha, Ashtasthana Pareeksha, Dashavidha Pareeksha, Physical examination, medical history.
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