CARBON SEQUESTRATION: ASSESSMENT AND APPLICATION-A REVIEW
Jaspal Singh*, Puneet Khare, Shivshanker Yadav, Neha Gupta and Anamika Agarwal
Human activities are harming the Earthâ€™s global Carbon cycle (CC). Carbon pollution or the increase in the concentration of Carbon dioxide in air due to the anthropogenic sources is proving hazardous to our environment and causing all sorts of disasters from warming the earth and raising the sea level. In this Context, one of the feasible solution is the capturing of Carbon dioxide and depositing it in a reservoir or Carbon Sequestration. Plants are the natural sinks of all types of pollution and so as oceans. In order to combat global warming, it is essential to limit the discharge of CO2 in the atmosphere. OVERVIEW: Carbon is the macronutrient for all the life processes to sustain life. It shows different chemical properties and occurs in various allotropic forms. It is the maximum content in the biomass of living organisms. Although, CO2 maintains the heat budget of our planet but because of anthropogenic activities the effect of CO2 on our environment has increased manifolds. Our earth receives energy in the form of short wavelength including Visible part of the spectrum of which most of the part is reflected back. Our earth reflects in the form of Infra red radiations which in turn are absorbed by some of the gases called as green house gases (Carbon Dioxide, Methane, Nitrogen Oxides etc). These green house gases are increasing in concentration day by day due to various anthropogenic activities and thus heating the earth causing Global Warming. Over the past 150 years the amount of carbon gas increased by 30%. One of the effective measures to reduce carbon dioxide emissions is to deposit it in a sink. No doubt, Carbon Capturing and Storage has become the mode of choice to meet out the excessive CO2 and thus Global Warming too.
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