EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ELECTROLYTES, TOTAL PROTEIN AND ALBUMIN CONCENTRATIONS IN CARPENTERS EXPOSED TO SAWDUST IN MARINE BASE CARPENTRY SHADES, PORT HARCOURT METROPOLIS, NIGERIA

*Kalio Ibiene Sarah, Joshua, Marcella Tari, Uzor Uzoamaka, Lilian, Isaac Knowledge 

ABSTRACT

Background: The carpenters in Marine base carpentry shade, Port Harcourt saw timber woods without proper protective clothing and also use the saw dust produced as part of the floor covering of their carpentry shade as a consequence, they are directly expose to the sawdust produce through inhalation and skin contact. Most of the carpenters are unaware of the health implication involve in direct exposure to saw dust. Objectives. The objective of this study is to determine Electrolytes, Total protein and Albumin concentrations in carpenters exposed to sawdust within Marine base carpentry shades, Port Harcourt metropolis, Nigeria. Methods. Plasma Electrolytes, Total protein and Albumin concentrations of thirty (30) carpenters exposed previously within 1-15 years to sawdust were compared with thirty two (32) apparently healthy individuals not exposed to saw dust (control).Ion selective electrode (ISE) analyser was used to determine the concentrations of Electrolytes, biuret method was used to determined total protein concentrations while bromocresol green method was used to determine Albumin concentrations. Results: The results showed that subjects had Potassium, Sodium, Chloride and Bicarbonate imbalance as a consequence of exposure to saw dust. The mean ± standard deviation of Sodium, Potassium, Chloride, Bicarbonate, Anion gap, Total protein and Albumin concentrations for carpenters that were exposed to saw dust are 133.60 ± 2.37mmol/l (Sodium), 3.61 ± 0.30 mmol/l (Potassium), 106.07 ± 1.31 mmol/l (Chloride), 24.07 ± 3.50mmol/l (Bicarbonate), 3.67 ± 2.16mmol/l (Anion gap), 83.00 ± 12.81g/l (Total protein), and 44.93 ± 6.38 g/l (Albumin), respectively while the values for control are 135.80 ± 206 mmol/l (Sodium), 3.44 ± 0.36 mmol/l (Potassium), 101.25 ± 2.42 mmol/l(Chloride), 15.94 ± 3.35 mmol/l (Bicarbonate), 15.94 ± 3.53 mmol/l (Anion gap), 73.52 ± 1.40 g/l (Total protein), 44.15 ± 0.30 g/l (Albumin) respectively. Discussions: The concentrations of Total protein, Potassium, Chloride, Bicarbonate, Sodium and Anion gap were significantly different in carpenters exposed to sawdust when compared to control (p <0.05). Conclusions: The results in this study indicate that exposure to saw dust predisposes carpenters to electrolyte imbalance. Carpenters are therefore advised to wear protective mask and clothing while working with sawdust; Carpenters are also advised to stop the use of saw dust as part of the floor covering in their carpentry shades.

Keywords: Electrolytes, Protein, Albumin, Sawdust, Carpenters.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )