EFFECTIVENESS OF KNOWLEDGE DATABASE ON PREVENTION AND HEALTH CARE
Yueh-Chin Chung, Ph. D*
Background: Knowledge and know-how are the bases of modern national competitive advantage, such that becoming a better field professional requires the establishment of one’s competitiveness, knowledge and expertise. At present, the research trend in Taiwan also considers longitudinal study as the feasible method for future research. Working closely with the international tide, expanding the integration of digital professional field and accumulating basic health knowledge can further promote the study on prevention and health care. Therefore, Internet companies are integrated into the digital learning platform to make study and discussion interactive in order to enhance research on prevention and health care, to strengthen the development of preventive health knowledge, and to cultivate the competitiveness of applied research. Research Objectives: This paper aims to discuss the concept of a 3-stage 5-level public health prevention and health care plan proposed by Leavell and Clark (1965) as a mode to establish a knowledge base for the information needs of the medical staff and to form the professional knowledge on prevention and health care know-how. Research Method: With the 3-stage 5-level public health prevention plan, this paper establishes the knowledge base in 7 steps: 1. research design; 2. data collection; 3. establishment of web architecture; 4. sorting out data; 5. analyzing data; 6. report writing; and 7. application and popularization. Results: The years 2008–2014 has the most number of people receiving prevention and health care services (well-baby care services, prenatal examination of pregnant women, Papanicolaou smear, and dental fluorosis in children, adult preventive care, quantitative immunochemical fecal occult blood examination, oral mucosa examination) in primary hospitals in Taipei. Over time, the number of people receiving prevention and health care services has increased. In 2014, the most number of people received mammography in regional and area hospitals. In 2009, the most number of children under one, one and a half, more than one and a half, 2–3 and 3–7 years old received well-baby care services in medical centers and primary hospitals. In 2014, the number of pregnant women aged 30–34 received their first prenatal examination in primary hospitals. In 2011, the most number of pregnant women aged 35–39 years received their first prenatal examination in primary hospitals. Of 45 students using web platforms with the established knowledge base of prevention and health care, the mean satisfaction is 4.33 (0.26). This system can be used as a reference for the application of the new knowledge base of prevention and health care in the future.
Keywords: Prevention and health care,3-step 5-level public health prevention mode, Knowledge base.
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