EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS AMONG HIV/AIDS INFECTED AND NON- INFECTED PATIENTS IN EASTERN TIGRAY, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA

Dinku Senbeta*, Lemlem Gebremariam and Guesh Gebremariam

ABSTRACT

Intestinal parasitic infections are among the most common human infections worldwide with a significant role in morbidity and mortality; especially among HIV infected patients. A comparative cross-sectional study was conducted to assess the magnitude of intestinal parasitic infections among HIV infected and non infected patients in Eastern Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. Socio-demographic characteristics and stool samples were collected from all study participants and examined for parasites using Direct microscopic, Formol-ether concentration and Modified acid fast stain techniques. Out of 338 patients, 238 (70.4%) were HIV positive and 100 (29.6%) were HIV negative patients. 231(68.34%) was an overall prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections encountered in this study. Among 238 HIV positive and 100 HIV negative patients, 161(67.6%) and 70(70%) were infected with one or more intestinal parasites respectively with no significant difference between the two study subjects (P > 0.05). Among the detected non opportunistic and opportunistic intestinal parasites, Entamoeba histolytica 92(27.22%) was the most frequently encountered parasite followed by Cryptosporidium parvum 53(15.68%), Gardia lamblia 43(12.72%), Ascaris lumbricoides 31(9.17%), and Isospora belli 24(7.1%), respectively. Cryptosporidium parvum was the most common among opportunistic parasites (15.68 vs. 5%) detected followed by Isospora belli (8.8 vs. 3%) and Cyclospora species (0.42 vs. 0%) among HIV positive and negative patients, respectively. Moreover, the detection rate of most parasites among HIV positive patients was significantly higher among patients with CD4 + count less than 200cells/ μl than other groups. Therefore, periodical detection and treatment of these parasites are vital to assure the life quality of the patients in the study area.

Keywords: Prevalence, Intestinal parasite, HIV positive, CD4+ count, Tigray, Ethiopia.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia