EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

CLINICO-HEMATOLOGICAL PROFILE OF CHILDREN WITH MEGALOBLASTIC ANEMIA.

*Dr. Sudhir Mehta MBBS, DCH, DNB (PEDIATRICS)

ABSTRACT

Background: Megaloblastic Anemia is an important reversible cause of neurodevelopmental deterioration. The main objective of study was to describe the varied clinical and hematologic manifestations of Megaloblastic Anemia in children admitted to a tertiary care hospital. Methods: A Retrospective cross - sectional study was conducted in children between 6 months and 15 years, who were admitted with diagnosis of megaloblastic anemia from year 2012 to 2015. Case records of eligible participants were analysed for primary outcome measures like presenting clinical features, mode of diagnosis, peripheral smear findings and secondary outcome measures like age, sex, coexisting morbidities. Results: Of a total of 150 cases, in 64 % subjects, diagnosis was confirmed by Vitamin B12 assay, 36% were diagnosed by bone marrow examination. Macrocytic anemia was observed in peripheral smear examination in 100% subjects. Hyperpigmentation was noticed in 57% of subjects. Blood transfusion secondary to severe anemia was needed in 38% of subjects. Pallor was observed in 100% subjects, neurologic manifestations in 28% subjects. Conclusion: The most common presenting complaint in megaloblastic anemia due to Vitamin B12 deficiency is anorexia, generalised weakness, irritability manifesting clinically as pallor, hyperpigmentation and haematologically as macrocytic anemia. Regular report of common presentations of megaloblastic anemia in various age groups keeps the child care expert vigilant for its early detection.

Keywords: Macrocytic anemia, Vitamin B12 deficiency, Pallor.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia