EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

EPIDEMIOlOGY OF WATER BORNE DISEASES AND THE KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICES OF THE BASIC SCHOOL CHILDREN TOWARDS THEM IN El-OBEID, NORTH KORDOFAN STATE, SUDAN (2011 - 2014)

Dr. Mohammed Ismail Humaida Ismail* and Dr. Salwa Elsanousi Hussein Elnaeem

ABSTRACT

Background: The problem of water borne diseases is especially prevalent where general hygiene and environmental sanitation are poor. This facility based cross-sectional study aimed to study the epidemiology of water borne diseases and the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the Basic school students towards them in El-Obied, North Kordofan State in the period of 2011-2014. Methodology: The study comprised of 428 students selected from 12 schools. Data were collected via questionnaire as well as the interviews, observation checklist and microbiological tests. The data were analyzed by SPSS software, version 11.5. Results: The study showed that the prevalence of diarrhoea 22.4%, giardiasis 40.4%, amoebiasis 1.2%, salmonellosis 7.2%, and shigellosis 3%. This study showed that 263 (61.4%) of respondents heard about water borne diseases and 281 (65.7%) of them do not have knowledge towards water borne diseases transmission. The students practicing open defecation in about two (17%) of schools due to unavailability of latrines. Conclusion: The study revealed that there is a problem of water borne diseases in basic schools in El-Obied specially Giardiasis, which is dominated as compared with amoebiasis, shigeliosis and salmonellosis and there was a poor knowledge of school children towards water borne diseases transmission routes, prevention and types.

Keywords: Water Borne Diseases, School Children, El-Obeid, Sudan.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia