EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF INTESTINAL PARASITIC INFECTIONS AMONG UNDER FIVE CHILDREN IN ABAKALIKI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF EBONYI STATE.

E.C. Achi, O.O. Njoku, A.U. Nnachi*, A.M. Efunshile, J.O. Mbah, I.N. Aghanya, P.O Nnemelu

ABSTRACT

The range of infections caused by intestinal parasites constitutes a major health problem among children in developing countries such as Nigeria. In this study, we investigated the prevalence of intestinal parasitic infections among under five children in Abakaliki Local Government Area of Ebonyi State. Stool samples were collected from 553 children comprising of 282 males and 271 females attending some selected health centres in the local government area and analyzed using standard parasitological techniques. Out of the 553 children sampled, 76 were infected with intestinal parasites giving the overall prevalence of 13.7%. Among this number, 37 were males while 39 were females. Prevalence of intestinal parasites was higher in females (n=39/271; 14.4%) than in males (n=37/282; 13.5%). This difference in the rate of infection with respect to sex was not significant, statistically (ᵡ2 = 0.1882; p = 0.664). The range of parasites seen included tapeworm (5.3%), Ascaris lumbricoides (7.9%), Strongyloides stercoralis (7.9%), hookworm (19.7%), Giardia lamblia (19.7%) and Entamoeba histolytica (39.5%) in their other of occurrence. Based on the health centres, highest prevalence was recorded in Enyida Health Centre I (18.6%) followed by Akpe-Amachi Health Centre (17.3%) and Okpitumo Health Centre (14.5%), while Maternal and Child Health recorded least (7.2%). There was no significance difference in prevalence of intestinal parasites with respect to health centres ((ᵡ2 = 8.0797; p = 0.88701) as well as distribution of the individual parasites across the different health centres (F-ratio = 0.25327; P = 0.90492). Intestinal parasites were prevalent among under five children in Abakaliki Local Government Area and this depicts the possible state of under five children in other rural communities in Ebonyi State, given that such level of prevalence was observed in the capital city of Ebonyi State.

Keywords: Prevalence, intestinal parasites, children, helminthes, infection.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia