RISK AND COST ANALYSIS OF INJECTABLE MEDICATIONS IN PEDIATRICS
*Saleha Sadeeqa, Marriyum Khan and Mehwish Sikandar
Objectives Pediatrics is the specialty of medical science concerned with the physical, mental and social health of
children from birth to young adulthood. ―Injectable medication‖ means any medication administered by the
intravenous, intramuscular or subcutaneous route. The aim of the study is to observe the risks of medications in
pediatrics, health care staff vigilance and provision of child-centered care to pediatric patients in the different
hospitals of Lahore. Methods A structured questionnaire was designed to collect data from 100 pediatric patients.
The study also covers the limitations and risks associated with the administration of injectable medications, use of
non-disposable devices, dose miscalculations and medication errors which occur due to inappropriate
administration and wrong prescription orders. Results showed that in majority of subjects, risks during
administration of injectable medication through intravenous route is local edema, erythema and bleeding from the
site of injection. Pediatrics are more prone to the adverse drug reactions associated with dose miscalculations
because intravenous route is the more direct route to distribute drug in systemic circulation. Conclusion It is
concluded that the intravenous route is the most common and preferrable route for therapy of illnes, nutitional and
electrolyte imbalance in pediatrics. Dose calculation and medication errors should be avoided which require proper
vigilance by the pharmacist, physicians and other health care staff.
Keywords: Injectable medication, Intravenous, Intramuscular, Subcutaneous, Pediatrics.
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