EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

BLOOD MORPHOLOGY IN PATIENTS SUFFERING FROM ENTERIC FEVER.

Dr. Mohammad Sajjad*

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE: To study peripheral blood morphology in patients suffering from enteric fever in Pathology Deptt, Khalifa Gul Nawaz Teaching Hospital Bannu. Khyber Pakhtun Khwa. Pakistan. This was one year study from January 2015 to December 2015. MATERIALS AND METHODS: This descriptive cases series study in which total of 96 enteric fever patients were included. All these patients were suffering enteric fever, diagnosis was made on the basis of widal test with titre ≥1/320 in association with clinical findings. Venous blood was collected in EDTA tubes and plain tubes from all these patients and used for complete blood counts performed by manual method using Sahli’s hemoglobinometer and Neubar’s chamber as well as hematology analyzer cell dyne/ruby. The plain tube blood was used for widal tests. RESULTS: A total of 96 patients were enrolled in this study. The age range was from 12-55 years with mean age of 24.22±10.2 years. Male were 57 and female were 39, male to female ratio was 1.46:1. Anemia was found in 65 (67.70%) cases followed by thrombocytopenia 33 (34.37%) cases, leukocytosis in 13 (13.54%) cases and leucopenia in 7 (7.29%) cases. Most of the patients were in the age range of 21-30 years 58 (60.41%) followed by 31-40 years 23 (23.95%). In 65 anemic patients the hemoglobin level was from 4.5 gm/dl to 10.0 gm/dl, where as in 33 thrombocytopenic patients the range of thrombocytopenia was from 35,000 to 145,000 /cmm and in 13 leucocytosis cases the total leukocyte count range was from 13500 to 19800/cmm and in 7 cases of leucopenia the total leukocyte count range was from 1300 to 3700/cmm. In three (3.12%) cases pancytopenia was present. CONCLUSION: Patients suffering from enteric fever may develop cytopenias leading to significant morbidity and mortality if not diagnosed early in time and treated properly.

Keywords: Enteric fever. Salmonella Typhi. Widal test. Cytopenias.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia