( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Alkali Mohammed, Okon Kenneth O. Jibrin Bara Yusuf, Saidu Abubakar Kadas, Adamu Babayo, Mohammed Barma, Shehu Ibrahim, Abdulmumin Ibrahim Sulaman, Halilu Hafiz and Zailani Sambo Bello


Bacterial contamination of operating theater is a major risk factor for increased incidence of surgical site and nosocomial infections in hospitals. Surveillance study allows for minimizing incidence and implements effective control and preventive measures. This study assessed the bacterial contamination level, bacterial pathogens and their resistance pattern in the two operating theaters in our hospitals.150 specimens were collected from two operating theaters, Main (MOT)(n=80) and Obsteristic and Gyneacology (O&G OT)(n=70) based on pre-identified inanimate items/surfaces and designated points and analyzed using standard microbiological methods. Overall bacterial contamination rate was 56.7%, 40% in MOT and 75.7% in O&G OT. High contamination rate of Staphylococcus aureus, coagulase negative staphylococci and Bacillius spp were recorded in both units. Clinically relevant pathogens, Klebsiella spp, Enterobacter spp, Enterococcus spp, Pseudomonas aeruginosa were recovered from routinely used equipments, with more pathogens from the O&G OT. High resistant to cotrimoxazole, amoxicillin, ampicillin-clauvanic acid, streptomycin, gentamycin, and erythromycin, observed with bacterial isolates from O/G OT. While the findings portray the level of bacterial contamination within the units, the high rate within the O&G OT posses greater risk for postoperative infections, necessitating need for effective cleaning and disinfection practices and adherence to basic standard infection procedures.

Keywords: Bacterial contamination, operating theater, antibiotic resistance, Nigeria.

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  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 March 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    MARCH 2024 issue has been successfully launched on MARCH 2024.

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    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia