EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PHARMACOVIGILANCE OF ANTI-DIABETIC MEDICATIONS AND CARDIAC MEDICATIONS AND THEIR ASSOCIATED STRESS

Durr-e-shehwar Khan, Kisa Fatima Altaf*, Shamoon Noushad, and Sadaf Ahmed,

ABSTRACT

Several chronic diseases such as diabetes and cardiovascular diseases have been declared as the major cause of death and may lead to several mental disorders. The administration of certain chronic medications causes metabolic side effects that include excess weight gain, insulin resistance and hyperlipidemia. In contrast with improved health outcomes, chronic medications can develop a large number of hidden side effects that may lead to worsen the chronic health conditions. The purpose of this study was to analyze the pharmacovigilance of anti-diabetic and cardiac medications by determining significant side effects. Certain complications have been determined by evaluating the effects on nutritional, physical and chemical stress by anti-diabetic and cardiac medications with the help pf Sadaf Stress Scale (SSS). A cross sectional study has been conducted in several local hospitals by classifying patients into three groups. All patients were followed by their demographic data Medical History and history of drugs and their dosages. The study showed irritability, hypertension, nausea, vomiting with physical, chemical and nutritional stress in the patients with anti-diabetic medications while the cardiac medications improves heart abnormalities in association with certain side effects like pallor, frequent urination, anorexia, irritability with physical, chemical and nutritional stress. It was concluded that chronic medications are also responsible for the development of chemical stress due to the use of medicine that results in the build-up of chemicals in body, physical due stress due to environmental pressure and demands, while nutritional stress due to the intake of toxin loaded medications, in the chronic patients.

Keywords: Sadaf Stress Scale, Chronic diseases, anti-diabetic, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cardiac medications.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )