EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

SPECTRUM OF OPPORTUNISTIC INFECTIONS IN HUMAN IMMUNODEFICIENCY VIRUS SEROPOSITIVE PATIENTS: A HOSPITAL BASED STUDY

Subhash Chand* and Dr. Ajay Kumar

ABSTRACT

AIDS is characterized by a number of opportunistic infections which are responsible for mortality and morbidity. The spectrum of opportunistic infections is ever-expanding with atypical manifestations becoming increasingly common. The present hospital based study was undertaken to describe the clinical spectrum of opportunistic infections both systemic and cutaneous in HIV infected patients. Aim: To study the spectrum of opportunistic infections in Human Immunodeficiency virus infection. Settings and design: Prospective study. Materials and methods: A prospective study was conducted on 40 symptomatic HIV infected patients admitted in Medicine in patient department at Indira Gandhi Medical College (IGMC) Shimla over a period of one year from August 2004 to July 2005. The patients were screened for opportunistic infections and laboratory investigations were done accordingly. Result: Of the 40 symptomatic HIV infected patients, the commonest opportunistic infection found was tuberculosis (50%) followed by oral candidiasis (30%), herpes zoster (5%), oral hairy leukoplekia (2.5%) and cryptosporodium toxoplasma (2.5%). The maximum numbers of patients were in the age group of 31-40 years (47.5%). The Male to female ratio was 3:1. Mean age of the study group was 33.47 (SD 9.577) years. Maximum numbers of male patients were drivers by profession. The most common mode of transmission was heterosexual transmission. Conclusion: The study demonstrates that tuberculosis was the most common opportunistic infection in HIV patients and screening for the tuberculosis should be a norm in the developing nations.

Keywords: Opportunistic infections, Tuberculosis, Human immunedeficiency virus.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )