REVIEW ON DIABETES MELLITUS ASSOCIATED HEALTH PROBLEMS MANAGEMENT IN CLINICAL PRACTICE-A BRIEF GUIDE TO HEALTH CARE PROFESSIONALS
M. S. Umashankar*, K. S. Lakshmi and A. Bharath Kumar
Diabetes mellitus associated group of metabolic diseases results in rises blood glucose levels in the body.It is a disease caused by deficiency or diminished effectiveness of endogenous insulin. The development of type 1 diabetes mellitus is based on a combination of a genetic Predisposition and an autoimmune process that results in gradual destruction of the beta cells of the pancreas, leading to absolute insulin deficiency. Type 2 diabetes mellitus is associated with excess body weight and Physical inactivity. It is caused by impaired insulin secretion and insulin resistance and has a gradual onset.Individuals with type 2 diabetes mellitus are at a significantly higher risk for coronary heart disease, Peripheral vascular disease and stroke, as well as microvascular complications affecting various organs such as eyes, kidneys and nerves. The Symptoms diabetes include frequent urination,increased thirst, and increased hunger. If left untreated, diabetes can cause many complications. The diabetes management through restoration of carbohydrate metabolism to a normal state. The out comes depends on relaying and targeting Pharmacological and non Pharmacological interventions and educating the Patients and community about the disease and complications will helpful for reduction in the diabetes morbidity and mortality in the community.
Keywords: stroke, coronary heart disease, Peripheral vascular disease, insulin.
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