( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Hagos Gebregziabher Gebremedhin*, Desaleng Belay Mihrete and Kore menjie Binwe


Background: Spinal anesthesia for caesarean section is an old and well established method. It was first used in obstetrics in 1901 for pain relief during vaginal delivery. Patient satisfaction toward spinal anesthesia is vital monitor to the quality care in anesthesia. Objectives: To determine patients' perspective regarding spinal anesthesia, their level of satisfaction and the factors of dissatisfaction during caesarean deliveries at Gandhi Memorial hospital Addis Ababa , Ethiopia from March20 -May30, 2016 G.C. Methodology: Analytic Cross-sectional study was conducted at Gandhi Memorial hospital from March20-May30, 2016; G.C. Patients who underwent caesarean section under spinal anesthesia during the study period were used as a sample. Results: Majority of the patients 113(64%) were aged between 25 and 34years. Sixty two percent (62%) of patient was satisfied and thirty eight (38 %) of the patient was dissatisfied. Eighty two (82 %) patients would opt for spinal anesthesia in future for similar surgery, eighteen (18%) of patient would not require. Conclusion and recommendations: Postoperative backache, inadequate analgesia, nausea /vomiting and bad memory of post dural puncture headache and inadvertent mistakes and unskillful techniques are main contributor for dissatisfaction. Patient’s opinion is very important when deciding the anesthetic method; the anesthetists should have good rapport and must provide clear explanations regarding spinal anesthesia before surgery with their patients. They should manipulate the patient gently, sedate the patients if necessary.

Keywords: spinal anesthesia, patient satisfaction, caesarean section.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 September 2023 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    SEPTEMBER issue has been successfully launched on 1 SEPTEMBER 2023.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

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    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database