EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

SEROPREVALENCE OF HBV, HCV AND HIV AMONG VOLUNTARY BLOOD DONORS AT A TERTIARY HOSPITAL IN BAUCHI, NORTHEASTERN NIGERIA

Alkali Mohammed*, Jibrin Bara Yusuf, Okon Kenneth Okwong and Mustapha Sabo Umar

ABSTRACT

Background; Blood donation and transfusion are an integral part of effective healthcare delivery and transmissible infections remain a public health problem. Post transfusion infection has its consequential effect on transmission and morbidity and mortality rate. This retrospective study examined the seroprevalence of viral transfusion transmissible infections(TTIs) among voluntary donors in our hospital, Methodology;- 15,000 voluntary/ family replacement donors data over a 15 month period were extracted from the Blood bank record of ATBUTH. .Screening was based on the WHO and FMOH guidelines. .Biotest Hangzhou (HBV/HCV) Biotech, China and Determine (HIV 1/2) Abbort Japan test kits were used. SPSS version 20 was utilized for Data analysis. Results; Overall, 8.0% seropositivity of at least a pathogen was recorded, segregated as follows, HBV 7.0%(n=1072), HCV 0.7%( n=133) and HIV 0.2%(n=33) respectively. Male donors 98.3%(n=14997) dominate compared to female 0.02%(n=3). The seroprevalence of HBV and age-group(p<0.0001) and occupation of the donors(p<0.0001) were statistically significant. High frequency of donors was recorded within the age-group 21-30 and 31-40 years, HBV(48.3%, 31.4%), HCV(34%, 39.8%) and HIV(33.3%, 36.4%). 99.9% of the males were positive for HBV, 100% for HCV and HIV while one female tested positive for HBV. Businessmen and artisan displayed high rate of TTIs in contrast to farmers for HCV. Co-infections of HBV and HCV accounts for most cases recorded. Conclusion; The relatively high seropositivity of HBV, compared to HCV and HIV still constitute a public health problem considering the high request for blood transfusion, and support enforcement of mandatory screening and aggressive public enlightenment and prevention measures for TTIs.

Keywords: Transfusion transmitted infection, HBV, HCV, HIV, Bauchi.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )