EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

FIRST REPORT OF THE MYCOLOGICAL QUALITY AND PUBLIC HEALTH IMPLICATIONS OF LOCALLY-MADE SNUFFS SOLD IN EBONYI STATE, SOUTHEASTERN NIGERIA.

Orji J.O., Nwobashi P.A., Nnachi A.U.*, Aghanya I.N., Asobie G.C., Nnemelu P.O., Uzor C.V., Braide W.

ABSTRACT

The microbial quality of tobacco leaves, personal hygiene of handlers as well as various activities that go on around the processing and marketing environments of locally made snuffs sold in Nigeria can impact heavily on the microbial quality of the end products. This study examined the mycological quality of locally-made snuff sold in Ebonyi State, Nigeria. Sixty-four (64) samples of locally-made tobacco products (32 fermented dried tobacco leaves and 32 snuff samples) were purchased from different tobacco shops in two senatorial zones of the state and processed using standard microbiological techniques. The results revealed mean total fungi counts of snuff from Ebonyi Central and Ebonyi South senatorial zones as 8.5x105 and 6.5x105 cfu/g respectively, with mean total aerobic fungi counts of 5.75x105 and 8.94x105 cfu/g for fermented dried tobacco leaves from Ebonyi Central and Ebonyi South respectively. Out of the hundred fungal isolates, Aspergillus fumigatus occurred highest (n=45, 45.0%), followed by Penicillium marneffei (n=34, 34.0%) and Rhizopus azygosporus (n=21, 21.0%). For fungal isolates, Penicillium marneffei had the highest MARI of 0.42 followed by Rhizopus azygosporus (0.3) and Aspergillus fumigatus (0.1). The study showed that the locally-made snuff sold in the zones were highly burdened with potential fungal pathogens and unfit for human consumption.

Keywords: Tobacco, Snuff, Fungi, Contamination, MARI, Ebonyi.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )