( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Abdulmujeeb Abdulkhayum* and Dr. Omar Bahakam


Introduction: Global Oral health is an integral component in the general health of an individual and has become a major public health issue with a substantial social impact. In order to plan successful public health awareness it is essential to evaluate three domains related to oral health at the population level, namely knowledge, attitudes and practice Objective: To assess the level and aspects of knowledge, attitudes, and practice related to oral health among Pilgrims Visiting Madinah. Methodology: A cross-sectional analytical study was conducted among 628 pilgrims. Participant’s convenience selected in Madinah city center and prince Mohammed Bin Abdul-Aziz airport. The pilgrims will be divided into five groups; Saudi Arabia, other Arab countries, Asians, Africans, Europeans. Each group consist of 100 participants (65 males and 35 females). Pre-tested structured closed-ended questionnaire comprising of 28 multiple choice questions were self-administered to investigate by means their knowledge, attitude, and practices toward oral hygiene Results: A total of 628 pilgrims were included in the study; 407 (64.8%) males and 221 (35.2%) females ,among the study group 30.7% reported brushing their teeth twice daily using a toothbrush and toothpaste .Those pilgrims from Europe had the highest prevalence of twice daily tooth brushing whilst Saudi males had the lowest frequency of tooth brushing. Almost 70.2% reported to use both tooth brush to clean their teeth while 21.3% reported to use Miswak (tooth stick) .Almost 90.2% reported to use both tooth paste while 91.6% reported to use mouth wash as means to clean teeth. Regarding the knowledge about the benefits of fluoride in preventing dental caries, 80% Europeans knew the correct answer while African pilgrims had the least amount of knowledge regarding fluoride. The majority of respondents (55%) reported to visit the dentist only when experiencing pain. The most common reasons for not visiting the dentist were fear (22%) and high cost (14%) The prevalence of tobacco use was 17% and most of the smokers were males and females from Africa (31%). Europe pilgrims had the least amount of using Tobacco. The relationship between knowledge and practice showed that when knowledge increases practice also increases. Conclusion: The overall knowledge regarding oral health was acceptable. In general, respondents from developed countries showed a greater level of oral health knowledge compared to the others. Pilgrims from Europe showed the greatest knowledge regarding oral health behavior and practices. Oral health promotion programs may be needed to improve oral health knowledge, attitude, and practices among developing countries.

Keywords: Attitude, Knowledge, Oral hygiene.

[Full Text Article]



  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 December 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on


    DECEMBER Issue has been successfully launched on 1 December 2021.

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    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )