EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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Abstract

MICROBIOLOGY AND ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY STUDY IN OROFACIAL SPACE INFECTIONS USING EMLA AS AN ANAESTHETIC AGENT

Dr. Satish Patil, Dr. Deepak Manthale*, Dr. Syed Furqhanuddin and Dr. U.M. Joshi

ABSTRACT

Introduction: EMLA (Eutectic Mixture of Local Anaesthetics) cream consists of lidocaine 2.5% and prilocaine 2.5%. Itis an alternate method of providing topical anesthesia to the area being operated in the management of orofacial space infections. Microorganisms involved in these infections are identified and tested for their antibiotic susceptibility. Patients and methods: 50 patients with oraofacial space infections under an age group of 20-50 yearswere included in this study. Patients with systemic diseases and immunocompromised conditions were excluded from our study. Results: 40 patients didn’t experience any pain and 10 patients experienced mild pain during the surgical procedure. The isolated organisms in our study among aerobes were Streptococcus viridans and Staphylococcus aureus predominantly. whereas Peptostreptococcus, Peptococcus species and Fusobacterium were the most commonly isolated anaerobes. All the isolated microorganisms were found sensitive to amoxicillin + CV, cefixime, penicillin, gentamycin and metronidazole. Conclusion: EMLA cream provided an effective anesthesia in our cases and can be used as a topical anaesthetic of choice in the management of orofacial space infections requiring surgical incision and drainage. All the isolated microorganisms were found sensitive to amoxicillin + CV, cefixime, penicillin, gentamycin and metronidazole.

Keywords: EMLA; orofacial infection, microorganism, antibiotics.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia