EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

HEALTH PROBLEMS AND MEDICATION SELF- MANAGEMENT AMONG UNIVERSITY STUDENTS IN THE UAE

Asma Ibrahim Elkish, Hanan Nasr Sandid, Maitha Mohammed Alaryani, Marah Bassam Elkhatib, Mohammed Shamssain*

ABSTRACT

Aim: This study aims to look at the most common health problems existing among students & what could contribute to worsen their health status. Then, to investigate the prevalence of self-medication, its risk factors & to give some recommendations to avoid its spread. Also, to illustrate the role of the pharmacist as a drug expert & to evaluate its effectiveness. Then to compare our results with other studies in different countries. Materials and Methods: This is the first study looking at health-related problems and self-medication in UAE students. We are investigating health problems and self-medication among 1040 male and female university students in the UAE. The study is divided into 3 parts. We have designed and validated a paper based questionnaire which has been distributed to various universities in the UAE. In addition, we built a freely accessed, self administered web based questionnaire using (google forms) to help us get access into more universities in the UAE. Questions were related to existing health problems, self-medications, stress and lifestyle. We used SPSS (version20) for data analysis Results: Mean (S.D) age and BMI of male and female students were 20.9 (±4.7) years, 20.6 (±2.9) years, 25.7 (±4.0) and 23.3 (±4.2), respectively. Approximately 25% of the students preferred self-medication than going to a doctor, for different reasons such as inability to afford physician fees, lack of time & trusting their own knowledge. The most common health problems were cold or flu (34.6%), acne (11.95%), un-tolerated menstruation pain (7.55%), migraine (6.3%), asthma (6.1%), IBS (5.3%), eczema (5.01%), hair health (4.9%), constipation (4.01%) and others (10.8%). Students preferred to use analgesics (64.4%), antibiotics (6.35%), Antihistamine (5.93%), Decongestants (3.75%) and Acne drugs (2.2%) as a choice to treat their ailments. The gender & specialty affected the desire of students towards self-treatment. Life style mainly diet & stress had a strong impact on general health as well. Comparison between students in UAE & other students abroad revealed that UAE has the least percent of self-treatment which might reflect the awareness of our students about the risks of self-treatment. Conclusion: Self- treatment is not wide spread yet in the UAE and is still a risk & causes many problems especially among the elderly & non-educated people. Thus, there is a need to hold awareness sessions & campaigns to improve the students‟ knowledge about self-treatment and their medicine & aid them to the safest & most proper medicine selection and use. Gender and specialty have shown certain impacts on the decision of self-treatment. The role of the pharmacist as a drug consultant was more noticeable after obtaining the drug, not before. Students who are using internet as a source of their medicine are at higher risk of having side effects because they are using untrusted websites. Unhealthy diet & stress increase the risk of having disease, therefore, it is very important to initiate health-related interventions programs aiming to improve the health of these students.

Keywords: migraine, asthma, eczema, Antihistamine etc.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )