PORTRAYAL OF URINARY SYSTEM BY AYURVEDIC MASTER’S OF INDIA
Chaturvedi Abhishek Kumar*, Chaturvedi Mridula and Singh B.M.
Background: Ayurveda is the science of life and an Upanga (Branch) of Atharvaveda. The Ayurvedic master’s have described in details about various bodily systems in relation to their anatomy, physiology and pathology etc. The Mutravaha Samsthana (Urinary system) is one of them and meant for the formation and excretion of Mutra (Urine) and in unfavorable conditions, developed many ailment related to Basti (Bladder). Objective: There are many diseases described in Ayurvedic classics which have the presentation similar to that of urinary disorders but these are not related with urinary system and have different pathology. Mutra Roga (Urinary disorders) which includes Mutraghaat (Obstruction), Mutrakricchra (Urinary tract infection), Ashmari (Urolithiasis) and Prameha Roga (Diabetes insipidus).Thus the Objective of this article is the description of, anatomy, embryological development and physiology of Mutravaha Samasthan (Urinary system) by Ayurvedic master’s of India. Material and methods: The Mutra Rogas (Urinary diseases) are prevalent since the Vedic period. Our ancient Ayurvedic master’s had detail knowledge about their etiopathogenesis and management. The description about the urinary system is collected from the various ancient text books including Veda (Atharvaveda), Purana, Samhita (Charak, Susruta, Vagbhatta) and Samgraha (Madahva, Chakradatta, Sarangdhar, Bhav Prakash) etc. Conclusion: The present work is organised systematically, initiated with the review of literature of ancient science for anatomical concept, which helpful in the understanding of urinary system mentioned in Ayurveda and their related diseases. The references is used as a back bone of this study included in the last of the article.
Keywords: Mutra Roga, Ayurveda, Basti, Urinary system etc.
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