EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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Abstract

BACTERIAL CAUSATIVE AGENTS OF URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS (UTIs) AND THEIR ANTIBIOTIC SENSITIVITY PATTERN IN KHARTOUM, SUDAN

Yagoub Hamadt Allah Elhaj Abd Elseed and Mohamed. AE.M. Ibrahim*

ABSTRACT

Background: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs) are amongst the most prevalent bacterial infections seen in clinical practice particularly in developing countries. The objective of this study was to determine the etiological bacterial pathogens of the UTI and their sensitivity to antibiotics. Methodology: a cross sectional study carried out in Om Durman Islamic University microbiology laboratory, in Om Durman (Sudan) from March to May 2012, A total of 50 urine samples were collected and subjected to bacteriological identification tests and sensitivity tests. Results: Out of 50 urine samples 45 (90%) provided positive growth. Escherichia coli was the most common (31.1%) followed by Klebsiella spp (13.3%) ,Staphylococcus aureus (11.2%), Proteus spp and Pseudomonas aeroginosa (8.9%), Salmonellae spp
and Enterococcus faecalis (6.7%), Enterobacter and Staphylococcus epidermidis (4.4%) and Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Citrobacter(2.2%). The highest susceptible age to UTI was 41 -50 years (35%) followed by 31-40 (28%), 21-30 (18%), ˃50 years (14%) and 10-20 years (6%). More cases were observed in females except in age group ˃50 years. Norfloxacin had the least resistance followed by Ciprofloxacin, Cephalexin and Co-Timoxazole. E. coli found to be highly resistant to Cephalexin, Ciprofloxacin and Co-Trimoxazole(42.9%). Whilst Klebsiella spp showed highly resistance (100%) to Cephalexin. Whereas Staphylococcus auerus showed highest sensitivity (100%) to used antibiotics. Conclusion: The results show that the E.coli was the most frequent causative agent in UTIs and antimicrobial resistance patterns of the causes of UTI are highly variable and continuous surveillance of trends in resistance patterns of uropathogens is important. In conclusion; we suggest that empirical antibiotic selection should be based on knowledge of the local prevalence of bacterial organisms and antibiotic sensitivities rather than on universal or even national guidelines.

Keywords: Urinary Tract Infections (UTIs), Antibiotic Susceptibility, Anti Microbial agents, Bacteria, E.coli.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia