RADIOGRAPHICCHARACTERIZATION OF NORMAL FEMALE PELVIS IN JOS PLATEAU, NIGERIA.
*Akpaniwo G. M., Danfulani M., Iliyasu Y.I., Lawali J. and Okon L.B.
Background: Functional analysis of the true pelvis (defined as that portion lying below and including the pelvis brim) was undertaken on a sample of 588 females of reproductive age sent for an anterioposterior examination of the pelvis from January 2005 to June 2009 in two hospitals from Jos metropolis in Plateau State, Nigeria. Method: Standard radiographic measurement were taken and used in the characterization of the normal female pelvis living in this region to ascertain their pelvis type and percentages of their prevalence. Result: This was compared to that reported on a global scale and the result showed three (3) pelvis types, prevalent among the female population living in Jos Metropolis. These are the Gynecoid with 8% prevalent rate, Andriod pelvis type 39% and the platypelloid pelvis type with 53%. Each having an average index of 93%, 84% and 64% respectively. Conclusion: Platypelloid pelvis was found to be the most common in the population with 53% prevalence rate, and calls for concern in the health sector since the capacity of female pelvis for child bearing is profoundly influenced by size and shape of the pelvis.
Keywords: Pelvimetry, Gynecoid pelvis, Andriod pelvis, Platypelloid, Normal female pelvis.
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