â€œAN ANALYSIS OF PREVALENCE AND RISK FACTORS FOR HYPERTENSION IN TERTIARY CARE TEACHING HOSPITAL, MIMS MANDYAâ€
Dr. B. Sai Vikas*, Dr. Joga Sasidhar, Battu Rakesh, Tupakula Karthik Babu, Vinnakota Saikrishna, Tongbram Nicholas
Background: Hypertension is the commonest cardiovascular disorder and now regarded as major public health problem, which is common, asymptomatic and readily detectable having prevented risk factor and often lead to lethal complication if left untreated. High blood pressure or hypertension is one of the most important preventable causes of premature death worldwide. Chronic arterial hypertension is an important cardiovascular risk factor and associated with significant morbidity and mortality in the general population. Objectives: To analyse prevalence and risk factors for Hypertension in Mandya Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital. Study Design: An analysis of prevalence and risk factors for Hypertension in Mandya Tertiary Care MIMS Hospital is a retrospective observational study and patients who were satisfying the inclusion criteria were enrolled into study. Patient case sheet, medication treatment chart, lab reports, data collection form and other relevant source form Medical Record Department of MIMS are used as source of data and materials. Results: Out of 200 Hypertension cases analysed 59.5% were female and 40.5% were male with associated risk factor of alcohol and smoking bearing 18.5% and 22%. Major of the patients (22.5%) have co-morbidities i.e., Hypertension with Diabetes Mellitus and 19.5% of Cardiovascular system disease co-morbidity. Conclusion: Among the 200 patients, the prevalence of Hypertension was more in females compared to males of age group 50-60 years, increase with age. Smoking and alcohol are found to be significant risk factors for hypertension.
Keywords: Prevalence, Risk Factors, Hypertension, Retrospective, MIMS.
[Full Text Article]