THE U.T.I. AND ITS UNANI CONCEPT
Dr. Mubarak Ali* and Dr. Sofia naushin
Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to both microbial colonization of the urine and tissue invasion of any structure of the urinary tract, or the presence in an appropriately collected mid—stream specimen of urine (MSU) of more than colony forming units per ml of‘ urine. UTI occure predominantly in females specially during the child bearing age. Its incidence among school girls is 1-2%; it is only 0.03% in boys of the same age. Also the incidence in females rises about 1% per decade. Gram- negative bacteria E-coli is most commonly responsible. although yeast. Fungi and viruses may produce UTI. In unani literature there is no specific tern coined for Urinary tract infection. But the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and managements have been described by most of the Unani Physicians under different heading i.e. Warrn-e-kulliya, Warme-masana, Hurqat-e-baul and Taqtir-uI- baul. The term ‗Hurqat-e-baul (burning micturition) is one of the symptoms of urinary tract infection. It was customary that time that the diseases were given nomenclature on their prominent sign or symptom. Though the term warm-e-majra–e-baul (urinary tract inflammation or infection) has not been mentioned as such in Unani literature. but the etiology, symptoms and treatment with Muhallilat‘ (anti inflammatory) and Dafe-aat-e-afoonat‘ (antiseptic) clearly indicate that the term warm-e-majra–e-baul‘ has been described with the term Hurqat-e-baul‘.
Keywords: Urinary tract infection Gram- negative bacteria E-coli Unani literature.
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