An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Dr. Mubarak Ali* and Dr. Sofia naushin


Urinary tract infection (UTI) refers to both microbial colonization of the urine and tissue invasion of any structure of the urinary tract, or the presence in an appropriately collected mid—stream specimen of urine (MSU) of more than colony forming units per ml of‘ urine. UTI occure predominantly in females specially during the child bearing age. Its incidence among school girls is 1-2%; it is only 0.03% in boys of the same age. Also the incidence in females rises about 1% per decade. Gram- negative bacteria E-coli is most commonly responsible. although yeast. Fungi and viruses may produce UTI. In unani literature there is no specific tern coined for Urinary tract infection. But the aetiopathogenesis, clinical features and managements have been described by most of the Unani Physicians under different heading i.e. Warrn-e-kulliya, Warme-masana, Hurqat-e-baul and Taqtir-uI- baul. The term ‗Hurqat-e-baul (burning micturition) is one of the symptoms of urinary tract infection. It was customary that time that the diseases were given nomenclature on their prominent sign or symptom. Though the term warm-e-majra–e-baul (urinary tract inflammation or infection) has not been mentioned as such in Unani literature. but the etiology, symptoms and treatment with Muhallilat‘ (anti inflammatory) and Dafe-aat-e-afoonat‘ (antiseptic) clearly indicate that the term warm-e-majra–e-baul‘ has been described with the term Hurqat-e-baul‘.

Keywords: Urinary tract infection Gram- negative bacteria E-coli Unani literature.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing