ROLE OF STRONTIUM IN BIOLOGICAL SYSTEMS
Anupama M., Ashok Kumar K. and Naveena Lavanya Latha J.*
Strontium is a soft metal like lead and, when freshly cut, has a silvery lustre. A mineral from a lead mine near the village of Strontian, in Argyll, Scotland, was originally misidentified as a type of barium carbonate, but Adair Crawford and William Cruickshank in 1789 noted that it was likely a different substance (1). The chemist Thomas Charles Hope named the new mineral strontites, after the village, and the corresponding earth (strontium oxide, SrO) was accordingly referred to as strontia. The metal was isolated (1808) by Sir Humphry Davy, who electrolyzed a mixture of the moist hydroxide or chloride with mercuric oxide, using a mercury cathode, and then evaporated the mercury from the resultant amalgam. He used the stem of the word strontia to form the name of the element.
[Full Text Article]