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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57



Hassan. A. Hamed*, Abdelmoneim. A. Sulieman, H.osman, Mustafa Z Mahmoud


Background: Diabetes Mellitus is one of risk factors that cause carotid arteries atherosclerosis which occurs when lipoprotein accumulates in the intima of the artery. As atherosclerosis progresses it may completely occlude the artery lumen or plaque may rupture sending thrombus more distal, resulting in Transient Ischemic Attack or stroke. Aim: The aim of this study was to assess the Common Carotid Arteries and Internal Carotid Arteries in adult Sudanese patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Materials and methods: 92 participants were enrolled in the study; they were scanned with linear probe of (7-10 MHz). Intima-Media-Thickness (IMT), Caliper, peak Systolic Velocity (PSV), End Diastolic Velocity (EDV) and Resistive Indices (RI) were measured. Results: Maximum value of IMT in CAs increased with age and duration of type 2 DM, in Rt CCA it begins at 1.2 mm in first age group and ended in 1.9 mm for age and duration in last age group, while for Lt CCA from 1.4mm to 2mm for age and 1.4mm to 2.1mm for duration, the external calipers like IMT increased with increased in age and duration while there is no correlation with PSV, EDV and RI. Conclusion: In conclusion, statistically IMT and carotid calipers showed strong positive correlation with age and type 2 DM duration and they consider as a good marker of subclinical for atherosclerosis. IMT values and diameter of carotid arteries tends to be larger in Lt side of the neck than the Rt neck. While there is no correlation between PSV, EDV and RI with age and duration.

Keywords: Common Carotid Artery, Diabetes Mellitus, Intima Media Thickness, Peak Systolic Velocity, End Diastolic Velocity, Resistive Index.

[Full Text Article]



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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database