( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Kushal Markenday, Dr. Minakshi Dhar*, Dr. Ravi Gupta, Dr. Sohaib Ahmad, Dr. Nowneet K Bhat


Introduction: Depression is a well established common co-morbidity among people with diabetes. Literature that has examined the prevalence and correlates of depression among elderly diabetics is limited. We compare the prevalence of depression between elderly diabetics and non-diabetics and identify correlates of depression. Methods: 50 cases of elderly diabetics were selected randomly IPD/OPD of department of Medicine. Age and sex matched 50 elderly non diabetic were randomly selected from the community. All subjects belonged to Sub Himalayan region. Demographic characteristics including age, sex, body mass index, food habits, life style were recorded on a self designed performa. Geriatric Depression Scale was administered to both the groups. A cut off score of 9 was used to rule out depression. Subjects who had scores between10-19 were categorized as having mild depression and severe depression was diagnosed when subjects scored between 20-30. Results: Age was comparable between both groups (66.6±5.5 years in cases and 68.7±7.1years in controls: t= 1.65: p= 0.105). Proportion of females was comparable (22% in cases versus 12% in controls; X2 = 1.7; p =0.18). Prevalence of depression was higher in the diabetes group (70% in diabetics versus 4% in control group: X2=0.0001: p=0.001). On the multiple logistic regression, female gender (OR=22.01; p=0.022), dietary habits (OR=9.14; p=0.011) and repeated hospitalization (OR=5.05; p=0.006) were significantly associated with depression in diabetic elderly patients. Conclusion: Depression has negative effects on diabetes outcomes. So for optimum management of diabetes, identification and treatment of depression in the primary care setting would result in appreciable alleviation of suffering in those with diabetes and depression.

Keywords: Diabetes, Depression, Geriatric Depression Scale.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia