A DEMOGRAPHIC ANALYSIS OF DEEP NECK SPACE INFECTIONS IN A TERTIARY CARE CENTRE IN BELAGAVI
Dr. Basavaraj P. Belaldavar, Dr. Meera N. Khadilkar* and Dr. Rajesh Havaldar
Background: Deep neck space infections continue to occur in spite of extensive antibiotic usage. Early diagnosis and treatment is key to prevent fatal complications. Objective: To analyse demographics and predisposing factors of deep neck space infections. Settings: Medical records of 44 patients with deep neck space infections were reviewed for various parameters. Results: Dental infection was the commonest source of infection and diabetes mellitus was the commonest comorbidity found. Submandibular space was most often involved. Anemia was found in more than half cases. Incision and drainage was done in 95.5% cases, with two cases also requiring tracheostomy. No other complications were noted. Conclusion: With the advent of newer antibiotics, the incidence of deep neck space infections has substantially declined. Early diagnosis and management are crucial. Airway management is crucial. Dental infections are most often implicated in deep neck space infections, the commonest type being submandibular abscess. Immunocompromised state and anemia are also to be kept in mind.
Keywords: Deep neck space infection, anemia, diabetes.
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