ANALYSIS OF DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.
Swathi M., Akhilendran R., Hima Mahesh, Fahida Farook, Veena Vijayan* and Pradeep P.
Objective: The objective of the study was to analyze the drug prescribing patterns and sociodemographic background of coronary artery disease patients in the Cardiology department of a tertiary care hospital. Method: In this study, we analyzed data of 130 patients of In Patient and Out Patient department of a tertiary care hospital in south India over a period of 6 months and assessed their baseline characters, clinical Co morbidity and drugs prescribed. This study has provided a picture of cardiovascular drug prescribing patterns and sociodemographic background. In total number of 130 patients, assessment of drug prescribing pattern was performed. Result: Result obtained reveals that among Coronary artery disease drugs, Antiplatelet drugs (43.8%) were the most prescribed drugs followed by Nitrates (15.59%), Anticoagulant drugs (11.13%), Beta blockers (8.1%), Angiotensin receptor blockers (6.93%), Potassium channel openers (6.93%), Calcium channel blockers (4.2%) and Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (3.2%). Among Non Coronary artery disease drugs, Hypolipidaemic drug (31.6%), other drugs (29.4%), hypoglycemic drugs (18.39%), Anti-ulcer drugs (16.74%), Anti asthmatic and Thyroid products (1.8%). Drug interactions were found in 77% of prescriptions. The patients were found mostly within 71-80 age group. Higher incidence among males, the majority of patients had good educational status and income and most patients had a normal BMI. Conclusion: Drug prescribing pattern was analyzed and incidence of polypharmacy was identified. CAD drugs constitute only 48.79% of total drug prescribed and 51.2% was constituted by Non CAD drugs, the study provides a picture of sociodemographic background of patients.
Keywords: prescribing patterns, coronary artery disease, sociodemographic background, tertiary care hospital.
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