EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

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 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

ANALYSIS OF DRUG PRESCRIBING PATTERN AND SOCIODEMOGRAPHIC BACKGROUND IN PATIENTS WITH CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL.

Swathi M., Akhilendran R., Hima Mahesh, Fahida Farook, Veena Vijayan* and Pradeep P.

ABSTRACT

Objective: The objective of the study was to analyze the drug prescribing patterns and sociodemographic background of coronary artery disease patients in the Cardiology department of a tertiary care hospital. Method: In this study, we analyzed data of 130 patients of In Patient and Out Patient department of a tertiary care hospital in south India over a period of 6 months and assessed their baseline characters, clinical Co morbidity and drugs prescribed. This study has provided a picture of cardiovascular drug prescribing patterns and sociodemographic background. In total number of 130 patients, assessment of drug prescribing pattern was performed. Result: Result obtained reveals that among Coronary artery disease drugs, Antiplatelet drugs (43.8%) were the most prescribed drugs followed by Nitrates (15.59%), Anticoagulant drugs (11.13%), Beta blockers (8.1%), Angiotensin receptor blockers (6.93%), Potassium channel openers (6.93%), Calcium channel blockers (4.2%) and Angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (3.2%). Among Non Coronary artery disease drugs, Hypolipidaemic drug (31.6%), other drugs (29.4%), hypoglycemic drugs (18.39%), Anti-ulcer drugs (16.74%), Anti asthmatic and Thyroid products (1.8%). Drug interactions were found in 77% of prescriptions. The patients were found mostly within 71-80 age group. Higher incidence among males, the majority of patients had good educational status and income and most patients had a normal BMI. Conclusion: Drug prescribing pattern was analyzed and incidence of polypharmacy was identified. CAD drugs constitute only 48.79% of total drug prescribed and 51.2% was constituted by Non CAD drugs, the study provides a picture of sociodemographic background of patients.

Keywords: prescribing patterns, coronary artery disease, sociodemographic background, tertiary care hospital.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )