EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

VITAMIN D DEFICIENCY IN PATIENTS WITH ESSENTIAL HYPERTENSION

Akber Yousfani, Tariq Zaffar Shaikh, Majid Ali Soomro, Athar Hussain Memon, Jamrose Durrani, Zaheer Ahmed, Zulfiqar Ali Qutrio Baloch and *Syed Zulfiquar Ali Shah

ABSTRACT

Objective: To determine the frequency of vitamin D deficiency in patients with essential hypertension. Patients and Methods: This cross sectional descriptive study was conducted in department of Medicine and Cardiology at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad, Sindh, Pakistan. The inclusion criteria of the study were hypertensive patients for ≥03 months duration regardless of treatment, of 20-60 years of age and either gender presented at Liaquat University Hospital Hyderabad. All the subjects with essential hypertension will be further evaluate for the serum vitamin D level by taking 2 ml venous blood sample in a sterilize disposable syringe and sent to laboratory for analysis. Vitamin D deficiencies were defined as mild, moderate and severe respectively. All the data was analyzed in SPSS version 17, the frequency and percentages (%) was calculated for categorical variables while the mean ±SD for quantitative variables. The Chi-square test was applied on categorical variables and P-value ≤0.05 was the level of significance. Results: During six months study period total 188 patients with essential hypertension were evaluated for vitamin D deficiency. The mean age ±SD for overall population was observed as 44.76±8.52 while it was 42.73±7.55 and 49.98±8.94 in male and female population respectively. The mean ±SD of Vitamin D in vitamin D deficient essential hypertensive male and female population was 15.76±3.72 and 8.97±2.85 whereas the mean ±SD of vitamin D in non deficient vitamin D essential hypertensive male and female population was 66.76±4.74 and 54.99±5.52 respectively. The vitamin D deficiency was observed in 109 (58%) patients p<0.01 with male predominance (58.7%), p=0.03. Of 109, 22 had mild, 44 had moderate and 43 had severe vitamin D deficiency. Conclusion: Overall the vitamin D levels are significantly low in relation to age, gender and severity in patients with essential hypertension.

Keywords: Hypertension, Vitamin D and dihydroxycholecalciferol.


[Full Text Article]

INDEXING

NEWS & UPDATION

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 April 2021 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on http://www.ejpmr.com/home/current_issues

  • EJPMR: APRIL ISSUE PUBLISHED

    APRIL Issue has been successfully launched on 1 April 2021.

  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    Its our Pleasure to Inform you that EJPMR Impact Factor has been increased from  5.804 to 6.222, due to high quality Publication at International Level

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.

    .

  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )