EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

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 ISSN 2394-3211

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 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

BURDEN OF CHRONIC MALNUTRITION AND ASSOCIATED FACTORS AMONG UNDER FIVE CHILDREN IN EASTERN ZONE OF TIGRAY, NORTHERN ETHIOPIA; A COMMUNITY BASED CROSS SECTIONAL STUDY.

Gebremedhin Gebreegziabiher* and Haftay Gebremedhin

ABSTRACT

Introduction: Malnutrition is insufficient, excessive or imbalance consumption of dietary energy and nutrients. Children that are malnourished tend to have increased risk of morbidity and mortality and often suffer delayed mental development, poor school performances and reduced intellectual achievement. Malnutrition is responsible, directly or indirectly, for 54% of the 10.8 million deaths per year in children under five. The objective of this study is to assess the burden of chronic malnutrition and associated factors among under five children in three randomly selected Districts of Easetrn zone of Tigray. Method: A community based cross sectional study was used and it was conducted between May 1/2014 and January 30/2015 in Eastern zone of Tigray, Northern Ethiopia. A total of three Districts from the zone and six Tabias from each district were selected by simple random sampling technique/lottery system. A total of 796 children were selected by simple random sampling method. Primary data was collected by a combination of structured questionnaire and collection of anthropometric data. The data was entered in to Epi-Info 3.5.1; cleaned and all errors/outliers were corrected. Then the data was transported to SPSS 16.0 for final analysis and anthropometric data was analyzed using ENA for SMART software. Binomial and multinomial logistic regression analyses were performed to identify factors associated with chronic malnutrition (stunting). Result: data was collected from all of the 796 children indicating 100% response rate. The prevalence of stunting among the study participants was 57.03%. Age of children below 12 months and frequency of diarrhea per year were significantly associated with stunting with AOR of 1.74 and 3.14 respectively. Conclusion: Age of children below 12 months and frequency of diarrhea per year were significantly associated with stunting.

Keywords: Stunting, Under five children, Northern Ethiopia, cross sectional study.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )