( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Ahmed Al-Imam* and Mohammed-Lutfi Al-Imam


BACKGROUND Patella is the largest sesamoid bone in the body. It is of critical importance to the patellofemoral unit. Its morphology can be modified by several cultural-ethnic factors. Further, its morphometry is of prime value in anthropology, biometrics, evolutionary Biology, implant prosthesis and surgical orthopedic procedures. AIM To derive a statistical inference concerning the morphometry of the patella, in a specific ethnic sample. MATERIALS AND METHODS In a sample of 40 dry patellae of deceased member of the Japanese ethnicity, measurements were taken to derive statistical inferences concerning patellar morphometry. Specific morphometric parameters were studied: patellar heights (H1 and H2), maximal width (W), maximal thickness (T), volume, weight, and density. Patellar heights,width, and thickness. The volume was measured accurately using two methods: Archimedes fluid displacement principle (1st method), and the application of using an alginate impression cast material (2nd method). Patellar density was a derived function of both volume and weight. Citations of this paper were created via systematic review of literature with subsequent critical analysis. RESULTS The 95% confidence Interval were: 35.50 to 38.40 (H1), 26.46 to 28.40 (H2), 36.93 to 39.49 (W), 18.12 to 19.28 (T), 6.462 to 7.894 (volume), 8.991 to 10.677 (weight), and 0.696 to 0.765 (density). Pearson’s Correlation coefficient (R), was positive for most of the tested parameters.The strongest correlation of Patellar weight versus volume, at R of 0.872, and patellar weight versus thickness at R of 0.779. All related p-values were significant at p < 0.01. Multiple Linear Regression of the tabulated parameters, revealed that the Residual Sum of Squares (RSS) was 0.913, and the Coefficient of Determination (R2) was 0.981. CONCLUSION Data from this study is highly valuable and of vital applications in: anthropology, comparative Anatomy and evolutionary Biology, prosthesis synthesis, biomedical applications, orthopedic surgery, and degenerative Medicine.

Keywords: Patella, Sesamoid Bones, Morphometry, Casting Technique, Humans, Japan.

[Full Text Article] [Download Certificate]


  All Since 2019
 Citation  3086  2560
 h-index  18  17
 i10-index  64  44



  • EJPMR New Impact Factor

    EJPMR Impact Factor has been Increased to 7.065 for Year 2024.


    FEBRUARY 2024 issue has been successfully launched on 1 FEBRUARY 2024.

  • New Issue Published

    Its Our pleasure to inform you that, EJPMR 1 February 2024 Issue has been Published, Kindly check it on

  • Index Copernicus Value

    EJPMR Received Index Copernicus Value 79.57, due to High Quality Publication in EJPMR at International Level

  • Journal web site support Internet Explorer, Google Chrome, Mozilla Firefox, Opera, Saffari for easy download of article without any trouble.


  • Article Invited for Publication

    Article are invited for publication in EJPMR Coming Issue

Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia