PREVALENCE, RISK FACTORS AND SHORT TERM OUTCOME OF INFANTS WITH TRANSIENT TACHYPNEA OF THE NEWBORN IN SUDAN
Abdelmoneim E. M. Kheir* and Taqwa A. Ahmed
Background: Transient tachypnea of the newborn is the most important respiratory problems in the neonatal period. Materials and methods: This was a descriptive, hospital based study that was conducted in the NICU of Omdurman maternity hospital. 170 newborns who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were included in the study. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire and was analyzed using SPSS program version 20. Frequency tables and graphs were used to present data. Results: The main result revealed that transient tachypnea of the newborn constituted 1.67% of all hospital deliveries, Identifiable risk factors included multiparity, maternal diabetes mellitus, maternal asthma and delivery by caesarean section. Additional risk factors included male sex and lower gestational age. The overall prognosis for transient tachypnea of the newborn was good with eventual recovery in all babies. Conclusion: Measures to reduce unnecessary caesarean sections should be implemented to reduce the risk of TTN.
Keywords: Transient tachypnea of the newborn; respiratory distress; Caesarean section; neonates; Sudan.
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