EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PRESCRIBING PATTERN OF CEPHALOSPORINS AND CARBAPENEM ANTIBIOTICS IN THE CRITICAL CARE UNIT OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL

Lekshmi B. Chandran*, Akash A., Arya Mohanan and Soumya R. V.

ABSTRACT

The aim of present study was to develop clinical pharmacist intervention to improve the prescribing pattern of Cephalosporins and Carbapenem antibiotics in Critical Care Unit (CCU). We focus on 224 patients who received Cephalosporin or Carbapenem antibiotics in CCU. Prescribing pattern was evaluated through descriptive analysis, t-test, modified t-test and chi square techniques. APACHE 2 Score was used for the prediction of mortality rate of patients admitted to CCU. The result shows 128 male and 96 female patients admitted to CCU during the study period. The average age of the patients was 61.32 years ± 15.85 SD and the median APACHE II score was 12, and the most common diagnosis at admission was respiratory diseases (60 patients). The average length of stay (LOS) in the CCU was 7.37 days. A total of 1780 drugs were prescribed at admission in 224 patients, that is, an average of 7.95± 2.90 SD drugs/prescription. One hundred and thirty two patients (58.92%) were prescribed an antibiotic at the time of admission into the CCU. In all, 293 antibiotics, at an average of 1.32 ± 0.56 SD antibiotics/prescription were ordered, and antibiotics constituted 16.46% of the total drugs prescribed. The study concluded as clinical pharmacist interventions had a great importance in improving the prescribing pattern and reducing the emergence of resistance.

Keywords: Prescribing pattern, Cephalosporins, Carbapenem, Critical Care Unit (CCU), APPACHE 2 Score.


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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )