EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF
PHARMACEUTICAL AND MEDICAL RESEARCH

( An ISO 9001:2015 Certified International Journal )

An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 6.222

 ICV - 79.57

Abstract

PREVALENCE OF NASAL CARRIAGE OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND METHICILLIN RESISTANT STAPHYLOCOCCUS IN AROUND SOUTH CHENNAI POPULATION

Dr. R. Ilayaraja*, Dr. Sriram D. K. and Dr. K. Ashwin Karuppan

ABSTRACT

To study the prevalence of the nasal carriage of staphylococcus aureus and Methicillin Resistant Staphylococcus aureus in and around Tambaram and to correlate with certain risk factors and among healthy hospital care workers. The study material consisted of 400 nasal swabs were collected from community in and around Tambaram, Chennai. 102 hospital workers were screened for nasal carriage of staphylococcus aureus and MRSA at Hindu Mission Hospital during the period of 6 months from November 2015 to April 2016. All the samples were subjected to gram staining and bacterial culture and S. aureus isolates were screened for MRSA prevalence using microbiological methods. All the clinical isolates are subjected to antimicrobial susceptibility testing on Mueller Hinton agar using the Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. S. aureus was the most common pathogen among the Gram-positive bacteria isolated from nasal carriage. Results: Out of 400 samples, 29% Staphylococcus aureus was isolated, 1.25% were found to be Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in community and Out of 102 samples, 17.64% Staphylococcus aureus was isolated, 1.96% were found to be Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) in hospital workers. The number of MRSA positive individuals was only 5 out of 400. This is a low number to assess the risk factors associated with CA-MRSA. Community based study should be conducted in a larger scale in order to study the risk factors associated with the CA-MRSA status.

Keywords: Staphylococcus aureus, MRSA, Nasal Swab, Community.


[Full Text Article]

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI )