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European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Fathia Abd El Rahman Mohamed Alamin and Caroline Edward Ayad*


Objectives: To obtain normative data of upper airway in Saudi adult population in Jazan-South Saudi Arabia as local reference. Materials and Methods: Study included 64 healthy subjects, 43(67.2%) were males and 21 (32.8%) were females with (mean age: 25.69±6.6). All were with normal skeletal profile with no history of sleep-related disorders or trauma. The cephalometric parameters assessed were; SNA (o) SNB (o) and ANB (o). Neck circumference (NC) and other upper air way measurement including linear distance between mandibular plane and hyoid bone (MP-H), upper airway length (UAL), the maximum thickness of the soft palate (SP max), soft palate length (PNS –U), linear distance between anterior and posterior nasal spine (ANS- PNS), retroglosal width (RS), retroplatal width (RP) were measured and evaluated in both genders. Statistical Analysis: Paired t-test was used P-value <0.05 was considered to be significant. Results: No significant gender dimorphisms results were observed in most of the parameters with the exception of the maximum thickness of the soft palate (SP max) and neck circumference (NC). A local reference of upper air way values for Saudi –Jazan population was recognized. New equations to predict the (ANS- PNS), (MP-H) and (NC) for Saudi population of known age were established. Conclusions: Saudi in Jazan has distinct cephalometric and upper air way tract features, for which specific norms should be used as a reference in treating orthodontic patients. Norms for the airway in the Saudi-Jazan population were established in this study. Data derived from this study can be used as a reference for assessment of obstructive sleep apnea for Saudi-Jazan if present.

Keywords: upper air way tract, cephalometry, computerized tomography.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia