“COMPARISON OF BODY MASS INDEX, WAIST HIP RATIO AND PERCENTAGE BODY FAT IN TYPE II DIABETES MELLITUS AND IN CONTROL GROUP”
Dr. Anita P. Mandare, Dr. Neelam Deokar, Patil Smita V.*, Gaikwad Pandurang B.
BACKGROUND: The prevalence of diabetes is rapidly rising all over the world at an alarming rate. Diabetes is second most after cardio vascular disease (CVD) as a health burden in India. Obesity, especially central obesity, is an important risk factor for the high prevalence of type II diabetes mellitus. AIM: The aim of this study is to compare the Body Mass Index, Waist Hip Ratio and Percentage Body Fat in Type II Diabetes Mellitus. MATERIALS & METHODS: The study was carried out on 50 type II diabetic selected from the Dr. Patwardhan‟s Endocrinology and Diabetic Clinic, Miraj between age group of 30-60 yrs. and 50 control subjects taken from Govt. Medical College, Miraj. Body mass index (BMI) was calculated using the formula, BMI = Wt (kilograms)/Ht 2 (meters), Waist to Hip Ratio was calculated using formula = Waist circumference (cm) /Hip circumference (cm), The skin-fold thickness was measured from triceps, biceps, sub scapular and suprailiac skin folds, by using UNA skin fold caliper. Statistical analysis was done using Unpaired t-test. RESULTS: In the present study mean value of BMI in normal subjects is 25.1 Kg/m2, and the mean value of BMI in diabetic patients is 23.6 Kg/m2. The mean values of waist hip ratio and percentage body fat in normal subjects were 0.95, 39.8 and mean values in diabetic subjects was 0.81, 28.8. The observed difference in the means of BMI, waist hip ratio and percentage body fat in normal and diabetic was found to be statistically significant (P<0.05). CONCLUSION: The BMI, Waist Hip Ratio and percentage body fat is decreased in type II diabetes mellitus as compared to control group. This is because of uncared, poorly controlled diabetic state which may lead to decrease in peripheral subcutaneous fat.
Keywords: Body Mass Index (BMI), Waist hip ratio (WHP), % Body Fat (PBF), Skin Fold Thikness (SFT), Type II diabetes, obesity.
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