INFLUENCE OF RICE VARIETIES IN DIABETICS AMONG INDIAN POPULATION - A REVIEW
S. Selvarajan*, Annie Jasmine Swapna J. J., V. Gayathri Devi, Arya A. B., Aswathy S. Thampan, Athira C. Raju, Geethu K. B., Harsha. R, Hitha Shyam M. S. and Jyothi S. D.
The incidence and burden of diabetes is alarming all over the world. In recent days diabetes is creating untoward happenings in India, in spite of Indian culture and tradition. Several recipes and food habits are under practice in Indian continent, especially in south India. Westernisation has influenced not only the diet, but also the life style of Indian population. According to ancient Indian manuscripts “food is medicine and medicine is food”, which implies that, proper dietary habits supports for healthy living. Among the variety of cereals, rice is the staple food of India, which has close relation with increasing glycemic index in diabetics. The purpose of writing this review article is to know and study about the importance and influence of various types of rice used in south India. The incidence of NIDDM (non-insulin dependent Diabetes mellitus) among Indian population is nowadays steadily in the increasing trend. The excessive intake of carbohydrates paves the way for large glycemic response and increase the risk of NIDDM, whereas dietary fibre is suspected to reduce the incidences.
Keywords: Rice, Diabetes, Glycemic index, NIDDM.
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