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An International Peer Reviewed Journal for Pharmaceutical, Medical & Biological Sciences

An Official Publication of Society for Advance Healthcare Research (Reg. No. : 01/01/01/31674/16)

European Journal of Pharmaceutical and Medical Research (EJPMR) has indexed with various reputed international bodies like : Google Scholar , Indian Science Publications , InfoBase Index (In Process) , SOCOLAR, China , Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN , International Society for Research activity (ISRA) , Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) , Polish Scholarly Bibliography , Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) , Universal Impact Factor , International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE  , Index Copernicus , CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) , Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) , UDLedge Science Citation Index , CiteFactor , Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) , Indian citation Index (ICI) , Journal Index (JI, Under Process) , Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) , Open Access Journals (Under Process) , Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) , Cosmos Impact Factor , Jour Informatics (Under Process) , Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) , International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) , Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates , Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) , IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) , Web of Science Group (Under Process) , Directory of Research Journals Indexing , Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) , International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) , Scope Database , Academia , 

 ISSN 2394-3211

Impact Factor: 7.065

 ICV - 79.57



Ahmad I. M*., Yunusa I., Badayi M. Sani., Abba B., Abdullahi S., Ameen Y., Illo I.I., Hassan H. Suleiman., Abubakar A.S., Abubakar Y.K., Ali N.R., Umar M.S., Haladu S. And Gidado Z.M


The impact, Cost Effectiveness of Hardo intervention, being one of the 3 Demand Creation (DC) interventions used in polio eradication activities in Kano state, Nigeria during the year 2015, were studied from the providers (program funders) and community perspective. The cost of the intervention used was obtained from the budget line available with the program funders. During the year 2015, a total of $ 15,829, representing only 0.5% of the total demand creation budget, were spent for the conduct of Hardo intervention in Kano state, thereby immunising 165, 157 children. It costs average of $ 0.095 per child immunised during the 7 IPDs round in the year 2015 in Kano state, implying that, for every child immunised, the Average Cost Effectiveness Ratio (ACER) for Hardo intervention is $ 0.095. A total of 133,777 potential cases of poliomyelitis were averted with cost-effectiveness ratio of 0.1183, implying that Hardo intervention costs $ 0.1183 to avert one case of Polio in Kano, when compared to „doing nothing‟. A total of 571,095 DALYs were averted among the total children immunised in the year 2015, in Kano state using Hardo intervention. It costs $ 0.0277 to avert 1 DALY in Kano state during the 7 IPDs in the year 2015 using Hardo intervention. However, it was much less cost effective to immunise a child, avert a polio case and a DALY during the month of January 2015 ($ 0.1084, $ 0.1338, and $ 0.0313) and much more cost effective during the month of June, 2015($ 0.0884, $ 0.1091, and $ 0.0255).This corroborates the fact that more children were immunised during the latter month, for reason being the month when more Fulani herdsmen settle, despite using similar amount of resources. It is recommended that more resources for Hardo intervention to be allocated during such month of every year and that the intervention should be scale up and given more attention at the LGAs with high number of Fulani settlements or migrants.

Keywords: Hardo, Polio, Eradication, Impact, Cost, effectiveness, DALY.

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Google Scholar Indian Science Publications InfoBase Index (In Process) SOCOLAR, China Research Bible, Fuchu, Tokyo. JAPAN International Society for Research activity (ISRA) Scientific Indexing Services (SIS) Polish Scholarly Bibliography Global Impact Factor (GIF) (Under Process) Universal Impact Factor International Scientific Indexing (ISI), UAE Index Copernicus CAS (A Division of American Chemical Society) USA (Under Process) Directory of Open Access Journal (DOAJ, Sweden, in process) UDLedge Science Citation Index CiteFactor Directory Of Research Journal Indexing (DRJI) Indian citation Index (ICI) Journal Index (JI, Under Process) Directory of abstract indexing for Journals (DAIJ) Open Access Journals (Under Process) Impact Factor Services For International Journals (IFSIJ) Cosmos Impact Factor Jour Informatics (Under Process) Eurasian Scientific Journal Index (ESJI) International Innovative Journal Impact Factor (IIJIF) Science Library Index, Dubai, United Arab Emirates Pubmed Database [NLM ID: 101669306] (Under Process) IP Indexing (IP Value 2.40) Web of Science Group (Under Process) Directory of Research Journals Indexing Scholar Article Journal Index (SAJI) International Scientific Indexing ( ISI ) Scope Database Academia